L’Etna (Mungibeddu O 'Mount Sicilian) is a Sicilian volcanic complex originated in the Quaternary and represents the active volcano terrestrial higher than the Eurasian plate. His frequent eruptions throughout history have changed, sometimes deeply, the surrounding landscape, coming several times to threaten the populations in the millennia they have settled around it.
The 21 June 2013 the XXXVII session of UNESCO Committee, meeting in Phnom Penh in Cambodia, Mount Etna has entered the list of the assets constituting the World Heritage.
The Etna Park, the first to be established between the Sicilian Parks with the Decree of the President of the Region 17 March 1987, with its 59000 hectares has the primary duty to protect a unique natural environment and the extraordinary landscape surrounding the highest active volcano in Europe and to promote the environmentally sound development of populations and local communities.
With its forests, paths, unrepeatable views, local products, the historic centers of its municipalities, the park is in every season an attractive invitation for travelers and nature lovers, enogastronomy, outdoor sports in unique scenarios. The Park is a magnificent area of eastern Sicily, which aims to enhance and protect at the same time this truly unique environment that highlights the strength of a powerful nature, but then can also be very generous with the overwhelming fertility of its land, by gentleness and generosity of the "Muntagna". The territory has been divided into four zones, which correspond to different levels of protection, as established by the legislature. in the area of “strict nature reserve” (Zone "A"), nature is preserved in its integrity, minimizing human intervention; in general reserve (zona "B"), It combines protection with the development of traditional economic activities: It is characterized by small agricultural plots and is marked by beautiful old farmhouses, very significant examples of rural architecture; in the “Protection controlled development” (pre-Parco) constituted by zones “C” e “D”, that occurs greatly anthropized, It pursues economic development compatible with respect for the natural environment and.
At the center of the ecosystem of the park is Etna, with its lithological boundary 250 km, the height of about 3350 m. and an area of approximately 1260 square kilometers. They fall into the common twenty Park territory (Adrano, Belpasso, office, Bronte, Castiglione di Sicilia, Giarre, Linguaglossa, Maletto, Mascali, Milo, Nicolosi, Pedara, Piedimonte Etneo, CT, Randazzo, San Gregorio, Sant'Alfio, available, Viagrande, Zafferana), with a population of about two hundred fifty thousand inhabitants.