post-title event-title Valley of the Temples Agrigento http://www.cuoredisicilia.org/wp-content/uploads/Valle_dei_Templi_3214.jpg no no Categories: , , ,

Valley of the Temples Agrigento

Categories: , , ,
Valley of the Temples Agrigento

historic Akragas Profile - Agrigento

8The park, covering some 1300 ha, It features an impressive monumental and landscape heritage that includes the ruins of the ancient city of Akragas and the land surrounding it to the sea. In the Valley of the Temples, declared in 1997 UNESCO "World Heritage", It is one of the major archaeological complexes of the Mediterranean, immersed in a landscape 7Agricultural rare beauty consists predominantly of centenarians olive and almond trees. Akragas was one of the most important Greek colonies in Sicily, extended about 450 ha, founded around 582 A.C.. by settlers from nearby Gela and from Rhodes. 6The site chosen was a plateau naturally protected to the north by the Rupe Atenea and the Colle di Girgenti and to the south by Long Hill of the Temples, bounded on the sides by Akragas Hypsas confluent rivers and south in one over whose mouth was the ancient port (emporion). 5From the beginning - under the tyranny of Phalaris (570-554 A.C.) famous for his cruelty - the city articulated terraces was characterized by a regular city plan. The Rock of Athena was the site of the acropolis with sacred and defensive function; the Hill of the Temples housed the monumental shrines; the central area of ​​the town and public buildings, while I 4dead were buried in the necropolis outside the city. In the last decades of the sixth century. A.C., Akragas was surrounded by massive long wall 12 kilometers and with nine gates. The colony reached fame and power under the tyrant Theron (488-471 A.C.), winner of the Carthaginians at Himera in 480 A.C.. e, 2mostly, during the years of democracy (471-406 A.C.) established by the philosopher Empedocles of Akragas. In this period it was built the extraordinary series of Doric style temples of the southern hill. 1A second war against the Carthaginians marked the end of an era of well-being and 406 A.C.. Akragas was destroyed. Subsequently, the city experienced a new phase of development with the arrival (between 338 and the 334 A.C.) Greek colonists led by Timoleon, but no longer it reached the power of the past and his destiny was tied to the outcome of the struggle between Rome and Carthage for the possession of the Mediterranean. During the Punic Wars Akragas was the basis of the Carthaginians against the Romans in 210 A.C.. They conquered it and it changed its name to Agrigentum. Under Roman rule the city experienced a further phase of prosperity also linked to the sulfur trading (II-IV sec. D.C.). In Christian times the Hill of the Temples were built churches and cemeteries. When in 829 the city was conquered by the Arabs living quarters were already perched on the hill of Girgenti, so called from the medieval name of the town (dall'arabo Gergent o Kerkent), where lies the modern village of Agrigento.

Top
Loading…

Reviews

Loading…